That scourge of adolescence, acne, hits just about everyone at some time or another. For some people, it’s particularly severe. There are a number of things to know about acne which can help most people avoid acne and reduce how much it affects them.
The main causes of acne
Acne happens when pores become clogged with oil called sebum. Normally, Sebum lubricates skin and hair to optimal levels of that they stay soft and smooth but not greasy or oily, as long as proper hygiene is followed. During the adolescent stage, the body’s hormone levels yo-yo and will cause it to over-produce Sebum. The most frequent place acne occurs is in the ‘T zone’ which is the forehead, nose and chin. This is where most people get pimples.
As soon as the pores become blocked, the Sebum begins to collect behind the blockage. Most often, you see “whiteheads” appear in these areas, which is an inflamed area surrounding a small white “capsule.” At times, the top of the whitehead will turn darker and become whats known as a “bleackhead.” The whitehead only becomes a pimple after the whitehead becomes infected with bacteria.
Essential Tips for Acne Care
Giving your face a good scrub a few times a day will not stop acne. Washing and scrubbing regularly will clean and cleanse the pores, however this will have the side effect of stimulating more oil production from the washed regions of skin. Increasing Sebum production will only compound the problem and cause the acne to multiply.
What you can do to control acne
Washing your face gently twice a day with specialized acne soap will remove cleanse the pores without increasing Sebum levels. DO NOT SCRUB. Instead, massage gently in a circular motion to remove excess oil, but do not irritate.
After you clean your face, apply a mild over-the-counter lotion with benzoyl peroxide, which will kill bacteria and lower oil production. Many of these lotions also contain moisturizer, which is good for your face, because having a mild anti-acne lotion that nonetheless moisturizes will help keep acne at bay.
Things acne sufferers should avoid
Don’t use moisturizers unless they are specifically formulated for oily skin or for those with acne.
Other creams will only server to make your acne worse. DO apply creams that are specialized for people suffering from acne.
Don’t pop pimples.
Not only can this make the problem worse because it can spread the infection, but it can also cause permanent scarring.
Avoid touching your face unless you know for a fact that your hands are clean.
While it can be tempting, you must not touch your face with dirty hands however, you will have to touch your face to undertake washing. Your hands contain more bacteria (and other peoples Sebum) from daily interactions, so transferring this to your face will only make your acne worse.
Avoid wearing tight clothing if possible and be sure that you keep your glasses or sunglasses clean.
Constrictive and form fitting clothing, including scarves and headbands, does not let your skin breathe, encourages sweating and will only serve to spread acne. The bridge of your nose is in constant contact with glasses or sunglasses, which is why its important to keep them clean. If you don’t do this, you could risk reinfecting yourself with bacteria from previous wearings.
People wearing make up should remove it before going to sleep.
Make sure you also buy makeup that does not clogged pores and is water-based. This will indicate that it is “noncomedogenic” or “nonacnegenic on the label.
Ensure that your hair is kept away from your face.
Having hair touching your face can aggravate and spread acne to more areas of your face.
Lastly, if you are still still having trouble with acne outbreaks, you should book an appointment with a dermatologist. He or she will have treatments and other options available for you if you can’t seem to keep it under control with normal methods. However, for most people, they will be able to keep their acne in check by following the tips listed above.
To find out more, visit a page on acne cures.