Acne scars appear anywhere there is severe acne that causes tissue damage. This tissue damage arises from the inflammation of the sebaceous follicles becoming clogged with bacteria, dirt, and dead skin cells.
When you suffer from an acne scar, you actually have discolored tissue that has abnormal collagen function that replaces the healthy tissue. In order to be successful in treatment you must first remove the injured tissue and then regenerate new, active skin cells to take its place.
Traditional approaches to laser treatment for acne scars have been found to achieve only moderate results and a longer recovery time.
A new laser is now being used in the treatment of acne, and acne scarring. It is called a Fraxel Laser.
This new laser is more effective than traditional lasers because it removes the dead tissue and causes new collagen to form. It is gentle and promotes non-ablative skin rejuvenation, along with a very speedy recovery time.
Another effective form of laser surgery is the use of pulse dye laser surgery.
This form of laser surgery reported prolonged improvements in acne scars. Furthermore, computer-generated images of the surface of the skin shown that the laser treatment caused the condition of the scars to appear as normal skin. Most patients see results after one or two treatments, and studies have shown that after these treatments, patients noticed a fifty-three to eighty percent change in their appearance.
Research has shown that by combining pulse-dye laser with carbon-dioxide laser treatment for the use of severe acne scarring to be very effective in removing these scars, and improving the overall appearance of the skin. The number of treatments needed for the removal of scarring and skin appearance depends on the severity of the lesions caused by acne.
Atrophic acne scars have a very favorable reaction to the carbon-dioxide laser treatment. Atrophic acne is where there is a breakdown in skin, causing it to have deep scars, also known as, “ice pick scars”.
The pulse-dyed laser treatment is typically done on an outpatient basis, without general anesthesia. Local anesthesia is used in the form of a topical cream, intralesional injections, or nerve blocks. Then non-overlapping, adjacent laser pulses are placed over the scars. The typical reaction to this is purple or red skin after treatment and the treatment is then re-evaluated six to eight week later to determine if more treatment is needed.
Local, intravenous injections or nerve blocks are generally used for carbon-dioxide laser resurfacing treatment. Follow-up examinations for cleansing of the area for the first week after treatment and patients are encouraged to keep the area moist by using healing ointments.
Laser surgery to remove acne scars is performed in many ways. Be sure to speak to your dermatologist to determine which procedure will give you the best results. The level of damage to your skin tissue is determined by the severity of your acne and your treatment plan can only be best advised by a doctor.
The best way to keep your face from scarring from acne is to never pick at your pimples, and for severe cases of acne, getting treatment early will be a huge advantage in your fight against scarring.
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