Chest and back acne is similar to facial acne in that they are the product of hyperactive sebaceous glands, or oil glands in layman’s term. Acne vulgaris, or merely acne, is a prevalent skin condition that usually occurs in people who are between the ages of twelve and thirty. According to some studies, those who easily develop facial acne are the same people who are more likely to suffer from chest and back acne. While it’s extremely vital to know the possible treatment options for such skin dilemma, learning what causes it is also rather important. Three things are usually associated with the development of facial, chest, and back acne, namely hormones, clogged pores, and bacteria.
The increased hormone levels during the adolescent years is mainly responsible for acne formation in teenagers. Sebum, which is a kind of oil that prevents water from escaping the skin surface, is secreted in large amounts when stimulated by pubertal hormones. Testosterone, which is a hormone strongly associated in males, is regarded as the primary trigger in the formation of acne. Although usually viewed as a male hormone, testosterone is also produced in females, which is why girls are also prone to develop the same skin condition.
The skin cells that line the sebaceous glands, or oil glands, make larger quantities of keratin compared to other types of skin cells. Large numbers of keratin cells and sebum can form a thick layer which can clog the skin pores. Clogged pores allow oil to accumulate further in the deep layers of the skin, resulting in acne.
Bacteria on the skin boost the production of enzymes that are the cause of the digestion of sebum-liberating fatty acids. Because these bacteria confine the sebum within the skin layers, inflammation and pus formation occur. This kind of acne is called cystic acne, which is a more serious kind of skin condition.
As discussed earlier, facial, chest, and back acne usually affects people who are in their second to third decades of life. More often than not, mild cases clear up with natural home remedies or with the use of over-the-counter medications. Moderate and severe cases of acne, however, might require more serious interventions.